Hungarian History

Hungarians were nomadic people

Believed to have moved to the Carpathian basin from the East, somewhere around the Ural Mountains. Under the leadership of Árpád, the Hungarians took over the land around 895.

They would have continued to the west, but were not allowed by the Germans who had already occupied that area. The Germans liked the idea of having barbaric Hungarians to the east of them to protect them from any threat of on coming savages who might want to occupy their land. So the Germans let the Hungarians stay.

Reference// Árpád Feszty: Arrival of the Hungarians (oil painting)


Hungarian coin.

 First Hungarain coin in history was coined by Duke Geza circa the end of 970s

 

 

 

I found another coin on google images. This one you can already see the Hungarian emblem on the back of the coin. On the front of the coin, Madonna and Child.

 Struck c. 1583. Madonna (Virgin Mary) seated, holding baby Jesus,Silver Coin Medieval Hungary, silver denar of Rudolf II, 1579-1608 AD.

Reference// Wikipedia


History/ Hungarian Chieftains

Seven Hungarian chieftains plus Three On-ogur Tribe is the Origins of The Ten Arrows Of Hungary

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The Seven chieftains of the Magyars (or Hungarians) were the leaders of the seven tribes of the Hungarians at the time of their arrival to the Carpathian Basin in 895 AD.

Constantine VII, emperor of the Byzantine Empire  names the seven tribes in his De Administrando Imperio,  a list that can be verified with names of Hungarian settlements. According to Simon of Kéza.

Hungarian chronicler Simon of Keza names seven captains who led seven tribes:

Árpád, son of Álmos, who was the son of Elod, who was the son of Ugyek

Szabolcs

Gyula

Ors

Kund

Lel

Verbulcsu, whose name’s origin is that “his father was killed by Germans, and for revenge, “he drank the blood of some, like wine”.

In my opinion they were pretty blood thirsty when and enemy killed one of their own.


History/ The Last Three Arrows of Hungary

Created the 10 Arrows of Hungary

Before 881 AD three Turkic tribes rebelled against the rule of the Khagan of the Kahazars, Known as the king of kings, but they were defeated. After their defeat they left the Khazar Empire and voluntarily joined the Hétmagyar confederation. The three tribes were organized into one tribe, called Kabar, and later they played the roles of vanguard and rear guard during the joint military actions of the confederation won the King of Kings and pushed his army back to where they came from. When the seven tribesmen heard of the three tribes victory, they were asked to join with the seven tribes. The joining of the three tribes to the previous seven created the On-ogur (Ten Arrows), one of the possible origins for the name Hungarian.

Reference// Gyorffy Gyorgy. Istvan Kiraly es muve. Gondolat Budapest 1983. ISBN 963-289-221-2. More information about the Ten arrows of Hungary can be found at wikipedia.org/wiki/Margyar tribes

Photo/ found on google images/ “The blood covenant of the seven Hungarian tribes” by Gyula Laszlo

 

History/ Hungarian Blood Oath

 Hungarian Blood Oath Contract

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In the 9th century, under High Prince Álmos, a “blood contract” was traditionally held to be the first, unwritten constitution of the Hungarian nation.

The Bloodletting was an oath; two or more parties swear an oath in blood to each other, for instance, that their friendship will never be broken or perhaps to formalize the merging of two or more tribes into one nation. In the case of Árpád’s people, the oath was taken by the leaders of eight nations consisting of perhaps two major languages or ethnic groups. This alliance was formed with the intention of conquering the Carpathian Basin. Taking place at a time when Árpád’s father, Álmos, was still ruler, a massive undertaking was planned in advance. They agreed to the following:

As long as they and their descendants were alive, they would elect a leader from the descendants of Álmos.

They would all share equally in the land and goods they acquired.

The leaders, having elected Álmos to be their king, made the decision of their own free will. Furthermore, neither they themselves nor their descendants should ever be excluded from the central ruling council and other leadership positions in the country.

If anyone among their descendants were to become unfaithful to the king, or conspire against him and his relatives, the blood of the guilty should flow like theirs did in the oath they took to king Álmos.

If anyone among King Álmos’ and the other leaders’ descendants were to violate the agreements which they sealed with their oath, they should be cursed forever.

Reference// Exhibit 16: Covenant of Blood by Lajos Káy

wikipeia.org/wiki/Blood_oath_(Hungarians)  and  chicagohungarians.com/radics/Origin2nd.htm

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