Hungarians were nomadic people
Árpád Feszty: Arrival of the Hungarians (oil painting)
and are believed to have moved to the Carpathian basin from the East, somewhere around the Ural Mountains. Under the leadership of Árpád, the Hungarians took over the land around 895.
Seven Hungarian chieftains plus Three On-ogur Tribe is the Origins of The Ten Arrows Of Hungary
The Seven chieftains of the Magyars (or Hungarians)were the leaders of the seven tribes of the Hungarians at the time of their arrival to the Carpathian Basin in 895 AD.
Constantine VII, emperor of the Byzantine Empire names the seven tribes in his De Administrando Imperio, a list that can be verified with names of Hungarian settlements. According to Simon of Kéza.
Hungarian chronicler Simon of Keza names seven captains who led seven tribes:
Árpád, son of Álmos, who was the son of Elod, who was the son of Ugyek
Verbulcsu, whose name’s origin is that “his father was killed by Germans, and for revenge, “he drank the blood of some, like wine”.
History/ The Last Three Arrows of Hungary
Created the 10 Arrows of Hungary
Before 881 AD three Turkic tribes rebelled against the rule of the Khagan of the Kahazars, Known as the king of kings, but they were defeated. After their defeat they left the Khazar Empire and voluntarily joined the Hétmagyar confederation. The three tribes were organized into one tribe, called Kabar, and later they played the roles of vanguard and rear guard during the joint military actions of the confederation won the King of Kings and pushed his army back to where they came from. When the seven tribesmen heard of the three tribes victory, they were asked to join with the seven tribes. The joining of the three tribes to the previous seven created the On-ogur (Ten Arrows), one of the possible origins for the name Hungarian.
Gyorffy Gyorgy. István király és műve. Gondolat Budapest 1983. ISBN 963-281-221-2.
More information about the Ten Arrows of Hungary
Hungarian Blood Oath Contract
In the 9th century, under High Prince Álmos, a “blood contract” was traditionally held to be the first, unwritten constitution of the Hungarian nation.
The Bloodletting was an oath; two or more parties swear an oath in blood to each other, for instance, that their friendship will never be broken or perhaps to formalize the merging of two or more tribes into one nation. In the case of Árpád’s people, the oath was taken by the leaders of eight nations consisting of perhaps two major languages or ethnic groups. This alliance was formed with the intention of conquering the Carpathian Basin. Taking place at a time when Árpád’s father, Álmos, was still ruler, a massive undertaking was planned in advance. They agreed to the following:
As long as they and their descendants were alive, they would elect a leader from the descendants of Álmos.
They would all share equally in the land and goods they acquired.
The leaders, having elected Álmos to be their king, made the decision of their own free will. Furthermore, neither they themselves nor their descendants should ever be excluded from the central ruling council and other leadership positions in the country.
If anyone among their descendants were to become unfaithful to the king, or conspire against him and his relatives, the blood of the guilty should flow like theirs did in the oath they took to king Álmos.
If anyone among King Álmos’ and the other leaders’ descendants were to violate the agreements which they sealed with their oath, they should be cursed forever.
Exhibit 16: Covenant of Blood by Lajos Káy